What is ESA? 

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) is for people whose ability to work is limited by ill health or disability. Contribution-based ESA is linked to your National Insurance contribution record.

You must have paid contributions over a certain number of years to get this benefit. Contributory ESA often only lasts 12 months. Income-related ESA is means-tested – it depends on your income and savings. Income-related ESA provides for your basic living expenses (and those of your partner, if you have one).

Unless you already have a claim, you will now need to make usually need to make a claim for Universal Credit rather than income-related ESA.

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